The Indian KSSL Group released photos on social media, confirming that the Garuda ultra-light 105mm vehicle-mounted howitzer developed by the group has been field tested in the western and eastern plateau areas, and it is possible to enter the Indian army in the future. This vehicle-mounted gun is similar in height to the Hawkeye ultra-light 105 howitzer developed by the American Mandus Group. It also adopts a relatively rare artillery forward thrust design to offset the recoil, so its structure can be simplified, and the impact of the rear seat of the artillery on the chassis is relatively small. Therefore, a 4×4 light vehicle can be selected to carry it.
The biggest difference between this front ram and conventional artillery is that it is fired during the forward movement of the barrel. Before the conventional artillery is fired, the barrel is stationary. After firing, the barrel moves backward due to the recoil force, and finally resets with the help of a hydraulic or spring recoil machine. On the other hand, the front-loading artillery is the opposite. Its barrel is in the recoil position before firing, and then with the help of hydraulic or spring recoil machine, it suddenly moves forward, and it is suddenly fired during the forward charging of the barrel, so that the front The momentum cancels out most of the recoil, reducing the recoil of the entire artillery system. This forward rush firing technology, also known as the artillery soft recoil technology, is a good way to reduce the impact of the artillery on the vehicle.
However, although the recoil of the front-loading artillery is greatly reduced than that of the conventional artillery of the same caliber, it has a technical problem, that is, the accuracy is unstable. Since it is fired in motion, the timing of firing is very important. If the dispersion of falling bullets is to be stable, then when each shell is fired, the offset of the energy of the forward charge and the energy of the rear seat must be stable. technical difficulties since. At present, the computer-controlled firing timing is used to maintain stability, but the accuracy should still be problematic, so mainstream artillery still does not use this technology. my country has also developed the XM204 front rush gun on the basis of the 59-1 Type 130 cannon, and finally gave up this technical route.
India’s KSSL Garuda ultra-light 105mm vehicle-mounted howitzer obviously chose the latter in terms of accuracy and high maneuverability. It uses the 4×4 chassis of Tata Company, and the artillery part and the hoe arrangement are basically completely transplanted The American Hawkeye system, while using light alloys to reduce the weight of the gun itself. KSSL claims that the 37-caliber 105 front rush gun itself weighs only 900 kg, and the entire system weight of the chassis is less than 5.5 tons, which can be said to be very light. In terms of fire control configuration, this Garuda is similar to Hawkeye, both are equipped with strapdown inertial navigation with GPS positioning, high-speed data radio, fire control computer and gunner terminal. The gun adjustment can be fully automatic, so the gun can be operated by only 3 people, and 2 people can also be used in emergency situations, mainly because the loader is more tired.
Overall, the Garuda 105mm vehicle howitzer from India KSSL is mainly a light vehicle gun with high mobility as the main design direction. However, due to the problem of the artillery itself, it has a big gap with our Mengshi Chassis 122 vehicle howitzer in terms of accuracy, range and ammunition power. Especially in the special environment of the plateau, the shooting accuracy of the artillery itself will decline, so it is necessary to formulate a separate shooting table. The technical defects of the Garuda 105mm vehicle-mounted howitzer itself are likely to magnify the problem under special circumstances. In addition, its chassis is too light, and it does not use adjustable oil and gas suspension to enhance the shooting time like the Warrior’s vehicle-mounted howitzer. stability, so in the end its level of accuracy may be ugly, and it is unclear whether the Indian Army will adopt it.
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